Ugyen Wangchuck the son of Jigme Namgyal, was installed as the first king of hereditary monarchy in 1907. He needed to overcome various political opponents to ensure the consolidation of his power .Ugyen Wangchuck worked to bring peace to the country by pursuing a policy of negiotiation and compromise. He brought about a turning point in Bhutan as history for the first time since the 17th century peace prevailed through the land.
Jigme Wangchuck, the second king continued the political consolidation of the state. As the power of the provincial ruler had been serious cause of strife in the pervious century, one of king Jigme Wangchuck’s most important task was to reform the administrative system. He therefore established a hierarchal system over which he had absolute control, all power , both religious and secular, was in his hand.
Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third king is seen as the father of modern Bhutan .he no longer kept his country isolated from the world, but rather soughjt international political contacts. He asked small European states to join Bhutanese government in setting up development projects in the country.
Jigme Singye Wangchuck, the fourth king, ruled from 1972 until 2006. His goal was socioeconomic development of the country with simultaneous preservation of cultural heritage. The king pointedly express the percept that governed his development policies to him Gross National Happiness was of greater importance than Gross National Product. Jigme Singye Wangchuck led the country into new era of democracy based on a two party system.
In December 2006, Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck assumed the full responsibilities of the of head of state as the fifth Druk Gyalpo .Loke all the Bhutanese king before him, Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck was first appointed Penlop of Trongsa before his accession to the throne. He was crowned king on November 6, 2008.